I recently picked up two AIR-LAP1142N access points from eBay that had previously been used with a Cisco Wireless LAN controller. As such they were configured with CAPWAP and do allow for independent operation. Cisco access points have three different image types available:
- Lightweight (Files matching cXXX->k9w8.tar.xxx)
- Lightweight Recovery (Files matching cXXX-rcvk9w8.tar.xxx)
- Autonomous (Files matching cXXX-k9w7.tar.xxx)
In order to use the access point without a wireless LAN controller (WLC), the Autonomous image must be installed onto the access point. Thankfully there is a process to convert a lightweight access point to an autonomous one.
- Connect to the AP with a serial cable, then connect the AP to a power source, be it via a POE Injector or a PoE switch. Once booted you will be able to authenticate.
AP1234.5678.abcd>en Password: Cisco AP1234.5678.abcd#
- Unfortunately many of the commands you’ll want to use, such as configure terminal will be unavailable. To enable the commands you’ll need issue the following commands:
AP1234.5678.abcd#debug capwap console cli CAPWAP console CLI allow/disallow debugging is on
- Download an autonomous image for your AP and place it on a TFTP server that is reachable from the access point. It should have obtained network address information using DHCP automatically. In the example below I’m using “c1140-k9w7-tar.152-4.JB4.tar” but this can be any suitable autonomous image.
AP1234.5678.abcd#conf t Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z. AP1234.5678.abcd#archive download-sw /overwrite /reload tftp://TFTP SERVER/c1140-k9w7-tar.152-4.JB4.tar
The access point will download the software and reboot into the new autonomous image. The default username and password are cisco/Cisco.